A seizure is like a sudden rush of abnormal electrical activity in your brain. Your doctor will likely diagnose epilepsy when you have two or more episodes of seizures with no definite cause.

 Epilepsy is a condition wherein an individual goes through unprovoked and recurrent seizures. A seizure is like a sudden rush of abnormal electrical activity in your brain. Your doctor will likely diagnose epilepsy when you have two or more episodes of seizures with no definite cause. The condition can happen to anyone, however, it is common among young children and older adults and among adults, men develop the condition more than women.
There are usually two types of epilepsy; generalized seizures and focal seizures. In the case of generalized seizures, it only affects the whole of your brain, however, focal seizures affect only a part of your brain. These seizures can last from a few seconds to several minutes, however, you might not have any memory of the seizure. In cases, where the seizures last for several minutes, one might have confusion and also loss of consciousness.
What are the signs and symptoms of epilepsy?
Seizures are considered to be one of the main symptoms of epilepsy and the symptom differs for every individual depending on the kind of seizures they have.
  1. Focal seizures: In this kind of seizure, one doesn’t lose consciousness and that is primarily because it is a partial seizure. For focal aware seizure, the symptoms of the condition are; alterations to the sense of taste, smell, sight, hearing, or touch, dizziness, tingling and twitching of limbs. However, focal unaware seizures involve loss of awareness or consciousness and other symptoms of the condition are staring blankly, unresponsiveness and performing repetitive movements.
  2. Generalized seizures: In this kind of seizure, the whole brain is affected and one can lose consciousness if this seizure occurs. However, there are different subtypes of generalized seizure and here, take a look at those types.
  • Absence seizures: Also known as petit mal seizures, these tend to cause loss of awareness, blank stare and also repetitive movements such as blinking or lip smacking.
  • Tonic seizures: These seizures tend to cause sudden stiffness in the muscles of your arms, legs and trunks as well.
  • Atonic seizures: Also known as drop seizures, these lead to loss of muscle control and due to the sudden loss of muscle control, one tends to fall suddenly.
  • Clonic seizures: During this type of seizure, one may see repeated and jerky movement of the muscles of the face, arms and neck.
  • Myoclonic seizures: With this seizure, one might see spontaneous quick twitching of the arms and legs.
  • Tonic-clonic seizures: Also known as the grand mal seizure, the symptoms of this seizure include; stiffening of the body, shaking, loss of bladder or bowel control, and loss of consciousness among several others.

What are the treatments available for epilepsy?

There’s no permanent cure for epilepsy, however, there are options available for seizures that help to stop or reduce the number of seizure episodes. Here are some treatments available for the condition.
  1. Anti-epileptic drugs: These are drugs that help to reduce the number of seizures. In some people, these drugs might also help to eliminate seizures.
  2. Vagus nerve stimulator: This is a device that is surgically placed under the skin on your chest and it electrically stimulates the nerve that runs through your neck to prevent seizures.
  3. Ketogenic diet: This diet is high in fats and low in carbohydrates and is known to be beneficial for people with epilepsy.
  4. Brain surgery: In this type of surgery, the area of the brain that causes seizure is removed or altered and your doctor can help you with what is the best option for you.

Disclaimer: Tips and suggestions mentioned in the article are for general information purposes only and should not be construed as professional medical advice. Always consult your doctor or a dietician before starting any fitness program or making any changes to your diet.


Source: timesnownews.com, Debosmita Ghosh