Category: "Epilepsy"

Benefits and Complications of the Ketogenic Diet for Epilepsy

Benefits and Complications of the Ketogenic Diet for Epilepsy

The ketogenic diet, also known as the traditional ketogenic diet and modified Atkin’s diet, is an important and validated dietary approach to controlling intractable epilepsy that focuses on a high-fat, protein, and low-carb diet. Yet despite its success in cases of drug-resistant epilepsy, the mechanism behind its effectiveness is still not well understood. Several hypotheses are […]

Professor searches to discover link between seizures, autism

Professor searches to discover link between seizures, autism

Dr. Joaquin Lugo, Jr., assistant professor of psychology and neuroscience, received news late January that he earned a prestigious grant from the National Institutes of Health to study the neurological mechanisms that might connect developmental seizures and autism. The $415,000 award, spanning three years, will help Lugo’s research team in discovering the effects of seizures […]

New insight into how the brain performs ‘mental time travel’

New insight into how the brain performs ‘mental time travel’

In Proust’s novel Recollection of Things Past, the distinctive smell of a lemon madeleine launches the narrator on a long, involved reminiscence of his past that fills seven chapters. It is an extreme example of what neuroscientists term “mental time travel” – the recollection of memories so rich in detail regarding the time and place […]

Exposure to Drugs in the Womb Can Cause Neurological Problems

Exposure to Drugs in the Womb Can Cause Neurological Problems

Research suggests that fetal exposure to chemicals or drugs can cause neurological problems. Babies whose mothers take the epilepsy drug valporic acid (VPA) during pregnancy, for example, appear to have an elevated risk of developing an autism spectrum disorder. In a new study, scientists who developed a tadpole model of this exposure directly observed deleterious […]

Ever Had Vivid Memories After Smelling Something?

Ever Had Vivid Memories After Smelling Something?

Vanderbilt scientists shed new light on how the brain executes ‘mental time travel’ In Proust’s novel Recollection of Things Past, the distinctive smell of a lemon madeleine launches the narrator on a long, involved reminiscence of his past that fills seven chapters. It is an extreme example of what neuroscientists term “mental time travel” – […]

From Scorpion Toxins to Drug Discovery

From Scorpion Toxins to Drug Discovery

When a scorpion stings someone, its toxins attack specific regions in the human body, interrupting electric signals to the brain. Depending on the type of toxin, the victim either suffers paralysis or seizures. What makes scorpions dangerous in the wild, though, provides interesting insights in the lab. Scorpion toxins and diseases like epilepsy affect the […]

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