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Seizure Triggers: Research Sheds Lights on How Certain Stimuli Cause Seizures

Why does exposure to rhythmic stimulation at certain frequencies facilitate the occurrence of epileptic seizures?

NON-EPILEPTIC SEIZURES: New research links anxiety to epilepsy-like seizure

New research by clinical psychologists from Arizona State University and the United Kingdom has revealed seizures that could be mistaken for epilepsy are linked to feelings of anxiety. The team of researchers devised a new set of tests to determine whether there was a link between how people interpret and respond to anxiety, and incidences of psychogenic nonepileptic seizures (PNES). Nicole Roberts, an associate professor in ASU’s New College of Interdisciplinary Arts and Sciences, collaborated with colleagues from the University of Lincoln, University of Nottingham and University of Sheffield in the United Kingdom. The team’s findings were published in the journal Epilepsy and Behavior. The researchers used a series of questionnaires and computer tests to determine if a patient regularly ...

Pregnant Mothers Experiencing Stressors May Activate Neurological Disorders in Child

When mothers are exposed to trauma, illness, alcohol or other drug abuse, these stressors may activate a single molecular trigger in brain cells that can go awry and activate conditions such as schizophrenia, post-traumatic stress disorder and some forms of autism. Until now, it has been unclear how much these stressors have impacted the cells of a developing brain. Past studies have shown that when an expectant mother exposes herself to alcohol or drug abuse or she experiences some trauma or illness, her baby may later develop a psychiatric disorder, including some forms of autism or post-traumatic stress disorder, later in life. But the new findings, published online inNeuron, identifies a molecular mechanism in the prenatal brain that may help explain how cells go awry when exposed to c...

If You Have Epilepsy, Don’t Overdo Alcohol

All of us can benefit from being moderate about how much alcohol we drink, but the stakes are higher when you have epilepsy. Maybe you’re wondering, “How much alcohol is safe for me to drink without triggering a seizure?” There’s good news for you, according to Andrey Stojic, MD, Director of Cleveland Clinic Neurological Institute at Lakewood Hospital. “Studies don’t suggest that rare or moderate alcohol use causes any problems for people with epilepsy,” he says. How much alcohol is “moderate”? Experts define “moderate use” as one or two drinks a day, according to a 2001 study published in the medical journal Epilepsia.

Treating Epilepsy With a Diabetes Drug: Does metabolism play a role in epilepsy?

Researchers from the Franciscan University of Steubenville, Ohio are exploring a possible link between metabolic defects and seizures. They determined that diet could influence susceptibility to seizures, and they have identified a common diabetes drug that could be useful in treating disorders such as epilepsy. Dr. Daniel Kuebler, the principal investigator behind the experiment, and his lab made the connection by measuring fruit fly movement with inexpensive web-cams. They have published a peer-reviewed, video demonstration of their method in JoVE, the Journal of Visualized Experiments, to assist others in reproducing and further applying the method.

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