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Suicide rate is 22 percent higher among people with epilepsy than the general population

Suicide rate is 22 percent higher among people with epilepsy than the general population

Viguera-690x380-650x358The suicide rate among people with epilepsy is 22 percent higher than the general population, according to a new study released by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), published in Epilepsy & Behavior.

Suicide is one of the leading causes of death in the United States. As recent research suggested that epilepsy, psychiatric disorders and suicide might be linked, CDC researchers used data from the 2003-2011 U.S. National Violent Death Reporting System (NVDRS), a large multiple-state surveillance system that collects information on violent deaths including suicide, to find out how often and in which conditions suicide occurs among epilepsy patients. The resulting report is the first state-based study in the United States to examine the suicide rate and suicide risk factors among people with epilepsy.

Between 2003 and 2011, an average of 17 out of 100,000 people with epilepsy, aged 10 years and older, died from suicide each year, compared to 14 out of 100,000 in the general population. Among adults aged 40-49 years, those with epilepsy died more often from suicide (29 percent) than those without epilepsy (22 percent).

The authors looked at additional factors such as race/ethnicity, education, and marital status, which overall did not differ between those with and without epilepsy who died from suicide. However, it is important to note that in both groups about one-third of the suicides occurred among those with the least education.

The study also revealed that people with epilepsy were more likely to commit suicide in residential settings (81 percent), compared to those without the disorder (76 percent). This is important to highlight, because more suicides in people with epilepsy resulted from poisoning. As a result, it may be beneficial to have caregivers, relatives, and others in the home of epilepsy patients with a prior suicide risk supervise the availability of potentially harmful materials.

“The suicide rate is higher among people with epilepsy compared to the general population, so suicide prevention efforts are urgently needed to prevent these deaths,” said Rosemarie Kobau, MPH, MAPP, health scientist in CDC’s Division of Population Health and a co-author on the report. “Caregivers of people with epilepsy and other members of the public can participate in programs such as Mental Health First Aid, an evidence-based program available in many U.S. communities that teaches people about mental illness symptoms, and how to recognize and intervene during a mental health crisis.”

Go to CDC’s website to find out more about community-based programs to help reduce depression in adults with epilepsy. If you or someone you know is at risk of suicide, call the U.S. National Suicide Prevention Lifeline at +1 800 273 TALK (8255) to get immediate help, or look up a local support line in your country on the website of the International Association for Suicide Prevention.

Explore further: New details on link between epilepsy and suicide attempt

More information: Niu Tian et al. Suicide among people with epilepsy: A population-based analysis of data from the U.S. National Violent Death Reporting System, 17 states, 2003–2011, Epilepsy & Behavior (2016). DOI: 10.1016/j.yebeh.2016.05.028

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11 Comments

  1. Smh!! Pseudo science making a statement that’s bad science for credibility. This is a insult to ppl with epilepsy.

    Reply
    • Profile photo of EpilepsyU

      Fact Steve. We have know this for years that suicide and severe depression are higher in persons with epilepsy. We need to address it and treat it.

  2. 🙁 the Lord is my Shepherd!! 🙂

    Reply
  3. It makes sense that ppl w epilepsy have harder time living ,driving, marring, working, raising children, more.. ..

    Reply
  4. Kelly Stone

    Reply
  5. Yea cuz #EpilepsySucksAss and nobody seems to have any answers to anything and the doctors don’t give a crap if they ever find a cure, we are a guaranteed paycheck to them. Having epilepsy is depressing, degrading, disheartening and destroys any and all happiness in a person’s life. #WeNeedACure

    Reply
  6. This is a poor study based on statistical coincidence, from studies already done on other subjects. EpilepsyU has a 22% chance of being dangerous to the epileptic community.

    Reply
    • Profile photo of EpilepsyU

      Jonathon,

      We have known these statistical facts from many, many studies over the years that suicide and severe depression are higher in persons with epilepsy. In fact this one shows 22% while others show over 30% greater. We need to address it and treat it.

  7. While taking Topiramate my seizures were under control. The control of seizures caused mental problems for me. My neurologist did not want me to stop topiramate because of control. I attempted suicide and got 23 different medications at mental hospital. Off of topiramate now and depressed from seizures but more positive.

    Reply
  8. Amor, compresion y mucha oracion.

    Reply
  9. I say the lack of empathy from others, side effects of seizure medication and a cure.

    Reply

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